Ordinary acute rhinitis, also called catarrh, coryza, or is an acute inflammation of nasal catarrhal type. Are etiologic agents of viral nature. Transmission is through direct contact and airborne: infection remains localized in the nasal-pharyngeal mucosa and the cellular damage occurring viral multiplication which favor bacterial superinfection.
Predisposing factors for respiratory illness (acute rhinitis) are: cold, air pollution exposure in crowded environments, nasal obstruction, physical and mental fatigue, alcoholism, smoking, malnutrition. Thanks to many viral serotypes and the fact that immunity is weak and short-term, often occur reimbolnavirile.
Runny noses (acute rhinitis) begins with malaise, feeling cold, fatigue, headache, anorexia, nasal dryness and epifaringelui, nasal itching, sneezing, nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea serosal subsequently appear, tearing, hipoosemie sometimes deafness and epistaxis.
During the state appears mucopurulent rhinorrhea and attenuates subjective signs. Objective is clear nasal congestion and hypertrophy with the presence of the floor abundant nasal secretions. Evolution is usually towards healing in 9-12 days. Rare complications can occur ear, sinus, eye (conjunctivitis), throat, tracheo.
Treatment of cold preparations (acute rhinitis) include:
restore the permeability of nasal and nasal toilet decongestivelor nasal administration: instilatii, pulverizatii, inhalations, aerosols;
symptomatic medications: shield, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, vitamins, antihistamines, antibiotics to prevent bacterial superinfection;
prophylactic: preventive measures collective: hygiene and vaccination individual: factors favoring removal, treatment of nasal obstruction, avoiding burnout, calorie-balanced diet.