What can we do when we get sick?
Prevention enterocolitis is possible by observing rules of individual hygiene: wash your hands with soap and water before any meal, efficient washing of food that is consumed raw heat, cleaning and disinfecting cutlery, dishes, using only water from safe sources, uncontaminated and when this is not possible, boiled and cooled water or bottled mineral water properly.
What to do if illness occurred? Do not always treat the cause, namely the eradication of the infectious agent with antibiotics is indicated. Diarrhea caused by viruses do not respond to antibiotic treatments. In addition, the irrational use of antibiotics leads to disruption of normal intestinal flora and to determine the selection of pathogenic microbial strains resistant to antibiotics. On the forefront of the treatment of enterocolitis is correct fluid and electrolyte loss. This is accomplished by drinking fluids - unsweetened tea, mineral water (charge), lemon rice, carrot soup. Utila is the addition of rehydration salts that are found in pharmacies, in envelopes with proper dosage. To relieve abdominal pain antispasmodics may be used (only on medical advice), application of heat to the abdomen. Vomiting may be fought with medicines such Emetiral, Torecan, metoclopramide, but only at the doctor and proper dosage. Most times, with a proper diet, enterocolitis heal within a few days. The diet is based on boiled rice, cottage cheese, grated apple, strained vegetable soup, boiled meat. Excludes raw fruits and vegetables, dairy and fried foods. Scheme should be kept 2 to 3 days after symptoms disappear.
Warning! Antibiotics are made only at the doctor
Antibiotics are used in some cases of enterocolitis bacterial dysentery bacteria, Salmonella gastroenteritis, the risk of bacteremia and extraintestinal locations, forms that do not respond to diet and medication symptomatic recurrent forms, enterocolitis in infants with positive coprocultures. Also recommended are the children of the communities enterocolitis, enterocolitis of staff increased epidemiological risk sectors with persistent fever and enterocolitis. Antibiotics are only medical indication. Antibiotics recommended daily dose, duration of treatment varies depending on the etiology of enterocolitis, disease severity, patient's age. In traveler's diarrhea can use Doxycycline (tetracyclines) 100 mg / day or cotrimoxazole (Biseptol) 2 tablets two times daily.
Acute enterocolitis with changes of general state, than to be hospitalized with dehydration and electrolyte rebalancing and fast in order to prevent complications. The hospitalized enterocolitis occurs in people who work in areas at risk to cause epidemics (food industry, trade, food, catering, distribution). Much attention should be given enterocolitis for infants and small children, because they dehydrate more easily, making it prone to severe forms of disease.
Ese acute enterocolitis a disease that can be largely prevented with proper hygiene compliance. Acute enterocolitis is generally a self-limited evolution in time, the diet rich in digestive fluids and protection, as the keystone in uncomplicated forms remission.